Social anxiety disorder is a mental health condition that affects 4.7% of Australians each year. The complex interplay between psychoevolutionary and cognitive models has become the focus of research in recent years, particularly with the development of the bivalent fear of evaluation model (i.e., negative and positive evaluation fears). The present study aimed to test a model of social anxiety symptoms using structural equation modelling, integrating previously fragmented evidence. A sample of 255 participants (75.3% female; Mdecades = 31.9, SD = 10.3) undertook an online survey, including Social Phobia Scale, Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation-Straightforward, Fear of Positive Evaluation, Concerns of Social Reprisal, and Disqualifications of Positive Social Outcomes measures. The hypothesised model for social anxiety symptoms described the data reasonably well (? 2 (1) = 4.917, p = .027, CFI = .995, GFI = .992, SRMR = .017), explaining 57.1% of social anxiety variance. Study hypotheses were supported with bivalent fear of evaluation accounting for unique variance in cognitive distortions, which in turn accounted for unique variation in social anxiety symptoms. Effect sizes indicate bivalent fears of evaluation and disqualification of positive social outcomes as important predictors of social anxiety symptoms. Although replication in a clinical cohort and experimental confirmation are needed, the findings suggest a focus on disqualification of positive social outcomes to alleviate social anxiety symptoms.
What This subject Contributes?
Feeling versions recommend that the newest intellectual distortion disqualification away from confident social outcomes is a vital modifiable predictor from social anxiety attacks.
Societal anxiety disorder (SAD) try a mental health thing which some body concern and endure having soreness otherwise avoid personal products, particularly societal telecommunications or shows one erican Psychiatric Connection, 2013 ). Sad has actually an estimated twelve?few days frequency away from cuatro.7% (Australian Agency out of Analytics, 2007 ) and you can a lives prevalence out of 12% (Kessler et al., 2005 ). People who have Unfortunate be much more than simply doubly likely to face jobless in contrast to people with almost every other anxiety conditions (Moitra, Beard, Weisberg, Keller, 2011 ). Because of the impact off Unfortunate, you will need to understand the underlying procedure that determine public anxiety symptoms.
Public anxiety usually might have been understood to be for the an excellent fear of negative review (FNE) (Watson Buddy, 1969 ). The relationship between Unfortunate and you may FNE has been widely supported (Koci ; Menatti mais aussi al., 2015 ; Months, 2015 ; Days Howell, 2012 ; Yap, Gibbs, Francis, Schuster, 2016 ). An impact of FNE might have been named a hereditary possibilities recognition program from our psychoevolutionary previous one to encourages me to tailor behaviors in a way that protects us regarding societal damage, such a loss in use of classification tips because of exclusion (Clark Wells, 1995 ; Gilbert, 2001 ). Thought activities pertaining to FNE was theorised so you can elevate and you can perpetuate social nervousness episodes (Rapee Heimberg, 1997 ).
Recently, anxiety about self-confident research (FPE) might have been believed from inside the search, recommending one FNE and you can FPE co?exists while the good bivalent concern with research (BFOE), in which anyone anxiety research typically (Months Howell, 2014 ). The relationship anywhere between Sad and you can FPE have gathered broadening help for the modern times (Koci ; Menatti et al., mamba-login 2015 ; Months, 2015 ; Months Howell, 2012 ; Yap mais aussi al., 2016 ). Whereas FNE is worried with a terrible change during the analysis, FPE is concerned that have an optimistic change inside the evaluation. The feeling from FPE has been considered as a hereditary threat identification system one motivates avoidant behavior to your becoming examined too favourably, in order to reduce the chance of signalling complications and you will unknowingly getting into way too many disagreement otherwise race (Trower Gilbert, 1989 ; Weeks Howell, 2014 ). The new thinking activities nearby BFOE haven’t but really been solved (Heimberg, Brozovich, Rapee, 2010 ), and tend to be the focus for the paper.